The Seven Festivals of the Lord

The Shabbat-

Not an annual festival but, a weekly rehearsal-

"The Day" "The Sabbath" "Holy Convocation-(a rehearsal)" "no work" "The Day of Rest" "The Day of the Lord"

13 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you. 14 Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people. 15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. 16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. 17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed. 18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God. Ex 31:13-18 (KJV)
Sign #226 - pledge, assurance of Abrahamic covenant.
Psalm 92 which gives thanks for and describes the future kingdom is read on every Sabbath in the synagogues.

Turn to Isa. 11:6-10

Verse 10 and His resting place #4496 "MENUCHA" comfortable as in matrimony shall be glorious.
(Psa 95:10-11 NKJV) "For forty years I was grieved with that generation, And said, 'It is a people who go astray in their hearts, And they do not know My ways.' {11} So I swore in My wrath, 'They shall not enter My rest.'" rest #4496
Hebrews 3 & 4 speaks of a day of rest. A seventh day, that believers can enter now spiritually, but also an actual day of rest in the future for the living people of God.
But first the temple of God [the earth] must be cleansed in the evening before sunrise.
Do you see the picture here? Every Sabbath at sundown the temple, today the synagogues are cleansed thoroughly on Friday night in the evening. In Genesis 1 there is evening and morning each day.

See Zech. 12-14.

Trivia Question: How do we know when Ezek. 38 will happen? God has provided for us His blueprint of the plan for man through His Word. An integrated message system to be Holy Spirit enlightened, especially by the last generation of disciples. Disciple means student who also instructs.
A generation can be anywhere between 40 and 70 years. Hebrews 3, Psa. 95 & Psa. 90.
The generation that sees the fig tree budding [Jerusalem and more specifically the Jewish people] will see the end of this age.
(Luke 21:29-36 NKJV) "Then He spoke to them a parable: "Look at the fig tree, and all the trees. {30} "When they are already budding, you see and know for yourselves that summer is now near. {31} "So you also, when you see these things happening, know that the kingdom of God is near. {32} "Assuredly, I say to you, this generation will by no means pass away till all things take place. {33} "Heaven and earth will pass away, but My words will by no means pass away. {34} "But take heed to yourselves, lest your hearts be weighed down with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that Day come on you unexpectedly. {35} "For it will come as a snare on all those who dwell on the face of the whole earth. {36} "Watch therefore, and pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will come to pass, and to stand before the Son of Man."

Vine is Israel-

Fig tree is a type of Jerusalem, or more specifically the Jewish people.
(Isa 5:7 NKJV) "For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel,"
Matt. 21.19 curses the fig tree.
(Joel 1:7 NKJV) "He has laid waste My vine, And ruined My fig tree;
(Hosea 9:10 NKJV) "I found Israel Like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers As the firstfruits on the fig tree
Also see:
Jer. 24:8, Jer. 29:17
Jerusalem began to produce leaves again when Israel recaptured it in the six day war of 1967.

Going Up ?^


Nisan/Aviv 14 4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. 5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S passover.

Jesus fulfills the sacrifice of the lamb - to be young but mature, without spot or blemish - examined in the Temple for 4 days - Palm Sunday to Wednesday. Finally, Pilate says, "I find no fault (blemish) in him".

The family had until Nisan 14 to make sure lamb met biblical requirements. A natural affection would grow for this lamb.

Shall kill it 'twixt the evening' An idiom for 3 p.m. Jesus slain at 3 p.m. also.

Evening hours 6 p.m a 6 p.m. were divided into watches, ref. Ex. 14:24, Lk. 12:38
Morning hours 6 a.m. a 6 p.m. Were divided into hours, like 9th hour or sections. 6 a.m. a 12 noon morning part of day. "Between the morning" would be 9 a.m.
12 noon to 6 p.m. - evening part of day
Ex 12:6 - "between the evening" is exactly 3 p.m. or the 9th hour of the day.

The Biblical Day

Evening p.m.

6p.m. to 6a.m.

Morning a.m.

6 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Thus, the 1st hour was at 6 a.m.
The 9th hour of the day was at 3 p.m.

First Passover in Egypt

NISAN 14Between - (twain) of the evening - 3p.m. (Exodus 12:6) The father was to take the lamb and go to the doorway of his house. The household would come outside and lay all their hands on the lamb (whole family declares offering) while the father would cut the throat and catch the blood in the basin called a sop. The family would step over the basin that was in the doorway to go back into the house.

After sundown, now the night of the 15th, they had to eat all of the lamb and stay in the house. The father took hyssop, similar to a sponge in quality, dipped in the blood and forcefully sprinkled the lintel and the two doorposts and placed the basin on the bottom so to completely outline the door in blood. Jesus is the only door to our hearts. (Revelation 3:20)*

*The only way to the Father is through the blood-stained door.

So, still on the 15th, (Feast of Unleavened Bread, along with the lamb, they ate Matzah (unleavened bread) with bitter herbs, symbolizing bitter times in Egypt, for the next seven days. No leavened bread was allowed. Leaven is always a picture of sin.

On the first Passover in Egypt the Lord Jehovah would be coming to every household, Jew and Gentile on the 15th, but if blood was applied, God Himself, would pass over the houses to protect them from the destroyer. (Exodus 12:23)

After the deaths of all first born, including Pharaoh's, he gives them permission to go - but remember it was only for a three day journey to sacrifice to their God. This is an important fact usually missed. (movie)

(Exo 5:3 NKJV) So they said, "The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Please, let us go three days' journey into the desert and sacrifice to the LORD our God, lest He fall upon us with pestilence or with the sword."

The children of Israel were owned by Pharaoh, (Genesis 47: 19-26) not Egypt. With the death of Pharaoh, his ownership over them would cease; therefore freeing them to continue to the promised land.

They left Egypt, still on the 15th, camped at Sukkot, for they had to retrieve the body of Joseph. (Genesis 50:24-25, Exodus 14:19-20) They continued on and camped at Etham, (Numbers 33:6) now the 16th. On the morning of the 16th the children of Israel journey to Pi Haeroth, then to the Red Sea. (Numbers 33:7) It is here in the evening, now the 17th, that Pharaoh approached the Hebrew camp, (Exodus 14:9) being held at bay through most of the night as the camp of Israel crosses the Sea.

Pharaoh and his army enter the sea during the morning watch, (Exodus 14:23-31) where God destroys them.

Therefore, Israel emerges alive before sunrise on the morning of the 17th. Interestingly, calculations have been done by Rabbanan* that states in that year the exodus was on Friday, the 15th, the crossing of the sea on the 17th, a Sunday, making Passover on the 14th of Nisan on a Thursday, but beginning at sundown on Wednesday.

Jesus' death, burial, and resurrection not only match the dates but also the exact days of the week.

Since Jesus was our Passover lamb, we must spiritually apply the blood to our hearts so we are not killed by death - the destroyer.

What are the words that the High Priest says immediately after cutting the throat of the lamb?
Why does tradition teach that He died on Friday?
[Ignorance of our Hebraic roots.]
(John 19:31)"Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away."

This Sabbath was not Saturday but a holy convocation of Hag ha Matzah or Feast of Unleavened Bread. Jesus was buried at sundown on the 14th, now the 15th - Friday.

Jesus was placed in the tomb of Joseph of Ramah (Arimathea in Greek). Ramah, the city of Joseph, means "seat of idolatry" in Hebrew, typifying the burial of Joseph [son of Jacob] in Egypt.

NOTE: Moses went to Joseph's tomb on the 15th of Nisan some 1400 years earlier to retrieve Joseph's body; thereby leaving his tomb empty.

Is the Shroud of Turin the burial cloth of Jesus?

Joseph of Egypt, the seat of idolatry, was an excellent picture of the coming Messiah, by all that had happened in his life.
Joseph's very name means "God will add" showing there is another coming after him. Joseph's brother, Benjamin's name means "son of my right hand". Jesus' first coming proclaimed the promise of His second coming and He is the Son of My Right Hand.
Spiritually we must experience Passover. Pass over from the world's attitude to a relationship with Jesus by applying His blood to our hearts.
The first birth of the flesh is natural. We are to set it aside and bring forth the birth of the spirit.
The first birth constitutes us as sinners and the second birth makes us believers and children of God.
God in His word has given us picture of this by the theme of the first born compared to the second born. Cain was set aside for Abel, Ishmael, for Isaac, Esau for Jacob, Manessah set aside for Ephraim, the second born.
God's two calendars typifies this same idea.
Did you know the gospel of Jesus is hidden in Genesis 5? GENESIS 5 in cosecutive order of birth:
Adam-------------- Man
Seth-------------- Appointed
Enosh------------- Mortal
Kenan------------- Sorrow
Mahalalel--------- The Blessed God
Jared------------- Shall come down
Enoch------------- Teaching
Methuselah-------- His death shall bring
Lemech------------ The Despairing
Noah-------------- Rest

John 19:16-22 16 Then he delivered Him to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus and led Him away. 17 And He, bearing His cross, went out to a place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha, 18 where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center. 19 Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. 21 Therefore the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews,' but, 'He said, "I am the King of the Jews."'' 22 Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."
Looking at signs made up in Greek, Latin and Hebrew- "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews" - and set up in the niches on Golgotha we discover that these signs were quite visible from a distance and could have been easily seen by passers-by and that the acronym YHWH appears. No wonder the priests wanted Pilate to change the here for pictures

Going Up?^

2.Hag HaMatza-Feast of Unleaven Bread-

(Nisan/Aviv 15-21)
6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. 7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

The Festival of Unleavened Bread (Hag Ha Matzah) is the day after Passover, the 15th of Nisan, a high Sabbath. This day and continuing seven days, God forbade the people to have any leavened bread in their houses.

However, preparation for searching and removing the leaven from the house actually begins before Passover.Leaven is always a picture of sin. They were not to eat or have leaven in their houses from Passover at evening until the evening of the 21st. (Exodus 13:7)Jewish tradition teaches, on the night before Passover, the wife would clean meticulously, but always leave a few, usually ten, small pieces of leaven for the whole family, led by the father, to find and remove. The father takes the children, along with a candle, for the whole house is completely dark, and searches for the leaven. Upon finding it, he uses a white feather to sweep the leaven on a wooden spoon. Then he takes the leaven, feather, and wooden spoon and wraps them in a linen cloth and throws it outside. The next morning, the father takes it to the temple, or now the synagogue, and throws it into a large fire prepared for its burning.Jesus, [candle] the light in the spiritually dark world, reveals by the Holy Spirit (white feather), the sin in our lives through His word. "Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path." Psalm 119:105Jesus took our sins (leaven) to the wooden cross (wooden spoon), wrapped in linen and cast out of His house (old body) and left our sins in hell (fire). By the power of the Holy Spirit (white feather) He was raised from the dead and given a resurrected body, just like we will have soon.The 15th of Nisan was the day they left Egypt and also the day Jesus was buried.Today Passover and Unleavened Bread are used interchangeably as one long feast. And the Feast of First Fruits has been ignored by Jews since Christians started celebrating it as the resurrection of Jesus Christ.Hopefully all of you have been to or will make plans to attend a Passover Seder (order of service). The pictures are most remarkable!During Jesus' day they added the custom of eating a prior sedar meal on the evening of the 14th called Haggadah or peace offering meal. Christians call it Jesus's Last Supper (our betrothal proposal) where an additional lamb could be eaten that night if they wanted but, the Passover lamb had to be slain at 3:00 p.m. still on the 14th , but the next day. Because of this, Jesus was able to partake of the Seder meal and also be slain on the same Biblical day of the 14th of Nisan.Pasach lamb was a must, but the Haggigah was a freewill offering.
There are fifteen steps to a Seder meal, matching the 15 Psalms of ascent, all pointing to Christ. I will not elaborate on all fifteen steps, but one step must be mentioned.
There is a step in the Seder called the "Yachatz" where a bag called the "Matzatosh", contains three pieces of Matzah. Spiritually, this represents the Trinity to us. Jews usually refer to the three as Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.The middle piece of Matzah is removed, broken, wrapped in a separate piece of linen, and buried (or hidden from view). This piece, called the Afikomen, is striped and pierced. It is also called the bread of affliction. Spiritually, this represents Jesus' burial.Toward the end of the Seder, the Afikomen (a Greek word meaning dessert) is found by the children. In order for the father to get it back, he pays a ransom for it - thirty pieces of silver (dimes)- which is a down payment and called the Promise of the Father (of Messiah). The people must eat it last, along with cup of wine of blessing, typifying our communion service and as Jesus did at the Last Supper.
NOTE: At a marriage proposal if the maiden drinks the wine, it was her way of accepting the betrothal.

What did Jesus promise them?

After Jesus burial and resurrection, He sends the gift of the Holy Spirit, as He said, with the promise of His return for His bride.

Interesting Note: During the Dark Ages, the Kurdistan Jews would save some of the Afikomen and place it in the rice, flour, and salt canisters for good luck and to insure their food containers would not empty throughout the year. Some carry it on long journeys to assure safety.
The Moroccan Jews say it is a safeguard against evil spirits. Since they are travelers of the sea, before heading out, they throw a piece of Afikomen in the water to keep the seas calm. Jesus did calm the sea.Just as Jesus offered a new covenant on Nisan 14, Feast of Passover, God had also made His covenant to Abraham on the exact same day. Exodus 12:41. Leaving Haran on the 15th, the same day Jesus' body was put in the grave [representing our freedom from bondage], the Jews left their old life in Egypt also representing freedom from bondage.

There are more! Look for them and instruct others.

Hebrews 5:12-14 says:
Christians are staying on milk and enjoying being a babe, not even wanting to walk, let alone run. You must take in solid food to survive the last days. Solid food brings discernment.

Matthew 28:19 says:
As disciples, we have a responsibility to God to make more disciples.J.W. Alexander wrote in his "Leaves of Gold" book: "The study of God's word for the purpose of discovering God's will is the secret discipline which has formed the greatest characters."

Seven Main Offerings

Sin Offerings

  1. Sin Offering "Hataat".......Individual or nation against God.
  2. Guilt Offering "Asham" .......Offense against fellowman.

Willing Offering

  1. Burnt offering "Olah" ........Willing sacrifice for total commitment. It had to be completely burnt.

Peace Offerings

  1. Thanks Offering ..............For unexpected blessing
  2. Votive Offering ..............Answer to specific prayer.
  3. Freewill Offering ............To express devotion just because He is God.
  4. Meal Offering ................A dedication to serving the people of God.

Suggested Reading:
Christ in the Passover from "Jews for Jesus" by Carl and Moishe Rosen, Moody Press

Going Up ?^

3.Bikkurim-First Fruits of Barley Harvest-

The morrow after the Sabbath during Hag HaMatzah.This is the third of seven feasts described in the Bible and was on the 17th of Nisan. This was the time for the harvesting of the early barley crops of spring.
9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD. 13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin. 14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

It occurred on the day after the regular Sabbath during Passover, which would always be a Sunday.

This feast (no longer recognized) and the Feast of Pentecost would always fall on a Sunday. However, mainstream Judaism today has departed from this, mainly because we claim Jesus rose on Sunday. So instead of counting the day after the regular Sabbath [Saturday] they use the high Sabbath of Hag Ha Matzah (the 15th of Nisan), so these two feasts would fall on different days of the week each year.

Always study 1st century Judaism not modern books.

One Lone Sheaf(Omer)

click here for picture

God commanded the people to bring one lone sheaf (omer) from the standing barley harvest to the priest and be offered by waving it to God in His house along with other offerings by fire for a soothing aroma.

The barley was the first grain to ripen. Counting fifty days after, or seven Sabbaths, it would be the beginning of the wheat harvest or Pentecost (Shavuot). And later at the fall harvest, the fruits would come in: grapes, olives, figs, along with the rest of the wheat, when the tares are finally burned.

(Mat 13:30 NKJV) 'Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, "First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn.'

The sheaf of barley is the first of the first fruits. Since a sheaf in the Bible is used to typify a person or persons, [remember Joseph's dream in (Gen 37:7 NKJV) "There we were, binding sheaves in the field. Then behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright; and indeed your sheaves stood all around and bowed down to my sheaf."], a sheaf spiritually represents people who accept the Messiah into their hearts, to be the second part of the 1st resurrection.

The first tenth of everything was always dedicated to God.

Jesus was the first to be resurrected. And, of course, it was on the 17th of Nisan, the Feast of First Fruits.

(1 Cor 15:20-23 NKJV) But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. {21} For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. {22} For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. {23} But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ's at His coming.

What other events happened on Nisan 17 all representing 'New Life'?

In Revelation 14, we see how the 144,000 Jews who are sealed by God in chapter 7, are also called "firstfruits". But they are the "firstfruits" of that age (athid lavo) harvest. In other words, the first to believe during the Millennial Kingdom that begins with the tribulation, after the rapture.
How do 144,000 Jews get saved all at once?
There is an "elect" of the seventh day.
(Mark 13:20 NKJV) "And unless the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect's sake, whom He chose, He shortened the days."
(Mark 13:27 NKJV) "And then He will send His angels, and gather together His elect from the four winds, from the farthest part of earth to the farthest part of heaven."

Another example of why reading in context is major and study is imperative. A post-tribulation rapture is primarily based on these verses used in all synoptic gospels.

There was the "elect" of the Old Testement. There is in fact, an elect in each time period. Old Testament elect (those who walked in faith, the patriarchs), New Testament elect while Yeshua walked the earth (the disciples),post reserrection(the church),future tribulation/post rapture(the 144,000 Jews who are sealed and the people who trust Christ after the rapture and the Martyred Tribulation Saints), Millenium Saints( those who are born and believe after the tribulation and during the 1,000 year reign of Yeshua).

(Isa 45:4 NKJV) "For Jacob My servant's sake, And Israel My elect, I have even called you by your name; I have named you, though you have not known Me."


Why doesn't John, in his gospel, discuss the tribulation period?
Why does John refer to himself as "the one whom Jesus loved"?
Why is John the only apostle not to die in a violent manner?
What is Daniel a picture of in Daniel chapter three?

Going Up ?^

4.Shavuot-Feast of Weeks-Pentecost-

Fifty Days from the Feast of First Fruits.

First Shofar

15 "And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD." (of the wheat harvest)

On the 47th day after coming up alive out of the sea, God instructed Moses to tell the people to purify themselves for three days. On the 50th day, God sounded the first shofar. Fire was seen, wind roared, and the ground shook! The voice of God spoke not only in Hebrew (according to Jewish tradition) but in every known tongue at that time. (Ref. Rabbi Joseph Hertz "Authorized Daily Prayer Book", page 791) He also states, Mt. Sinai is desert territory which belonged to no one nation exclusively, God was not heard by Israel alone, but by all the inhabitants of the earth; seventy known nations, so all of men might understand each in their own language.

Rabbi Weissman in the Midrash states: On the occasion of the giving of the Torah, the children of Israel not only heard the Lord's voice but actually saw the sound waves as a fiery substance. Each commandment that left the Lord's mouth traveled around the entire camp and then came back to every Jew asking him, "Do you accept upon yourself this commandment?" Every Jew answered "yes", a betrothment took place. Compare with the Pentecost in Acts 2 :2-3 fulfilled by the Holy Spirit.

(Acts 2:2-3 NKJV) And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. {3} Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them.

This fourth festival connects the awesome events that took place at Mt. Sinai. The children of Israel count seven weeks from the Festival of First Fruits, then observe the following day as Shavuot. The 49 days are called "the counting of the Omer". (Leviticus 23:9-16) They connect the Barley Harvest to beginning of Wheat Harvest. Since the Feast of First Fruits would fall on a Sunday, so would Pentecost. It was a natural bridge between the two festivals.

Picture: Their new life is incomplete without the Torah [Bible]
After Passover and Jesus' resurrection, He instructs the disciples to remain in Jerusalem until they receive power, completing the work He had done.

Fifty days from the Feast of First Fruits (of barley) is Pentecost. It was the end of the Spring harvest when the early wheat was brought in. Also a holy convocation and in Old Testament times always on a Sunday, during Sivan (around our June).

Fifty days after the Israelites crossed through the Red Sea, God gave them their instructions along with His promises (blessings). By their acceptance of this covenant, they were entering a marriage agreement.

(Exodus 19:8 KJV) And all the people answered together, and said, "All that the LORD hath spoken we will do!" And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.

(Exodus 24:3-4 KJV) And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, "All the words which the LORD hath said will we do!" {4} And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and built an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel. ["under" #8478 - 'Tachat']

(Exo 24:7 KJV) And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, "All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient!"

However, they committed spiritual adultery over and over and over. (Jer 2:2 NKJ) "I remember you, the kindness of your youth, the love of your betrothal, when you went after me in the wilderness. In a land not sown.

(Jer 3:8 NKJV) "Then I saw that for all the causes for which backsliding Israel had committed adultery, I had put her away and given her a certificate of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah did not fear, but went and played the harlot also.

When Moses broke the tablets, the "Ketuba" (marriage contract) was cancelled.

(Exo 32:19 NKJV) So it was, as soon as he came near the camp, that he saw the calf and the dancing. So Moses' anger became hot, and he cast the tablets out of his hands and broke them at the foot of the mountain.

However, we know the rest of the story. He heals their backsliding in the middle of the tribulation and protects them until Jesus returns with us to the Mount of Olives. (Isa. 45:17; Jer. 23:6)


So the first Pentecost was the birth of Israel.

Jesus fulfills Pentecost by sending the Holy Spirit to His grafted in believers. Co-heirs of the Promise available spiritually right now to anyone who receives it.

When we become born again, we enter into a marriage contract. We become betrothed. We must learn and understand our contract while we wait anxiously for His return for us. Then we will go to our official wedding under the Chupa of heaven and fulfill our Shabuwa while the Indignation is on the earth.

Out of the four Spring Feasts, the first three involved eating unleavened bread. A picture of Jesus without sin.

On Pentecost we are to eat leaven. For our sins were left in the grave.

The Bible says the coming of the Lord would be like the former and the latter rain.

(Hosea 6:3 NKJV) "Let us know, Let us pursue the knowledge of the LORD. His going forth is established as the morning; He will come to us like the rain, Like the latter [spring] and former [fall] rain to the earth."

(Joel 2:23 Interlinear) Be glad then, you children of Zion, And rejoice in the LORD your God; For He has given you the Teacher of Righteousness, And He will cause the rain to come down for you; The former, And the latter in the first.

(James 5:7 NKJV) Therefore be patient, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, waiting patiently for it until it receives the early and latter rain.

Jesus came the first time as the suffering servant, dying and being resurrected during the Spring Feasts. It just stands to reason He will return in the Fall Feasts as King. Not only because it makes sense but also because the Bible says so through pictures!

Going Up ?^

5.Yom Teruah(Rosh HaShannah)-Feast of Trumpets-

Tishri 1&2

Head of the Year

Lev: 23: 23-25 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, "Speak to the children of Israel, saying: 'In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 'You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD."

Turn to: Dan 7:9-10 On Rosh HaShana each person is judged according to books.

1.) Book of Life- Righteous

(Exodus 32:33 NKJV) “And the LORD said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I will blot him out of My book.”

1a.) Book of remembrance for rewards. (Mal 3:16-18 NKJV) “Then those who feared the LORD spoke to one another, And the LORD listened and heard them; So a book of remembrance was written before Him For those who fear the LORD And who meditate on His name. {17} “They shall be Mine,” says the LORD of hosts, “On the day that I make them My jewels. And I will spare them As a man spares his own son who serves him.”

2.) Book of the wicked - “RASHIM”

(2 Th. 2:12 NIV) “but have delighted in wickedness.”

(Rev 17:8 NIV) “whose names have not been written in the book of life/ and follow the beast”<\P>

2a) Book of Remembrance for punishment

(Rev 20:12-15 NASB) “And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; (for wicked) and the (spiritually) dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to th eir deeds. {13} And the sea gave up the dead which were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead which were in them; and they were judged, every one of them according to their deeds. {14} And death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. {15} And if anyone’s name was not found written in the book (of the righteous) of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.”

3. The last group, not in a book yet, sort of the intermediates, comprise the largest group. They have not been judged righteous nor are they wholly wicked.

They are given till 10th of Tishri- Yom Kippur to repent. If they don’t they are listed with the wicked. Their fate is sealed on Yom Kippur. The seven days in between are called the Days of Awe.

Ref: The Jewish Book of Why

At the end of the 6000th year, and God only knows for sure when that is, the resurrection/catching up will occur. If you are part of the righteous, the bride, you will go to your wedding in heaven. If not you will enter in the Days of Awe, in this case the 7 year tribulation. At the end of this period if you have not asked Jesus into your heart, by the time he comes back on Yom Kippur at the sound of the Great Trump, the birds will have you for supper. Rev 19: 17-18

At end of Tribulation:

(Mat 24:31 NKJV) “And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.”

(Isa 27:13 NKJV) “So it shall be in that day: The great trumpet will be blown; They will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, And they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, And shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.”

Do you see why we must plant seeds so the average person recognizes what will take place and call on the Lord?

These 7 days of awe are called the High Holy Days and are the most important sacred days of the Jewish year.

“Ya Min Nora’im” - the awesome days

(Joel 2:11 NASB) “And the LORD utters His voice before His army; Surely His camp is very great, For strong is he who carries out His word. The day of the LORD is indeed great and very awesome, And who can endure it?”

Recommended Reading:

From these books you will learn that anytime you see “the court is seated” or “the books were opened” is an idiom for Rosh HaShana with a judgment coming forth.

Throughout the whole Bible there are names, themes and idioms used to describe certain days. We have already seen many names for the Messianic Kingdom like Day of the Lord, and Rosh HaShana as beng no different. Familiarizing yourself with the different titles will help you understand certain scriptures.

Just as unfamiliar foreigners may be confused when they hear Americans call Thanksgiving, Turkey day or Pilgrims day, we can misunderstand scripture by not familiarizing ourselves with Hebraic terms.

Some other terms for Rosh HaShana, which is the birthday of the world, are: The Day of the Awakening Blast “YOM TERUAH”

Lev 23:24

(Psa 47:5 NKJV) God has gone up with a shout, The LORD with the sound of a trumpet. [Zephaniah 1:15-16] <\P>

“Teruah” is Hebrew for shout. # 8643

(1 Th 4:16-17 NKJV) For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, [GR-2752 ‘Keleuma’] with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. {17} Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord.

Other idioms for Rosh HaShana

(Psa 118:19-20 NKJV) “Open to me the gates of righteousness; I will go through them, And I will praise the LORD. {20} This is the gate of the LORD, Through which the righteous shall enter.”

(Isa 26:2 NKJV) “Open the gates, That the righteous nation which keeps the truth may enter in.”

(Psa 100:4 NKJV) “Enter into His gates with thanksgiving, And into His courts with praise. Be thankful to Him, and bless His name.”

(Isa 13:2 NKJV) “Lift up a banner on the high mountain, Raise your voice to them; Wave your hand, that they may enter the gates of the nobles.”

The Hidden Day

(Isa 26:20 NKJV) “Come, my people, enter your chambers, And shut your doors behind you; Hide yourself, as it were, for a little moment, Until the indignation is past.”

(Zeph 2:3 NKJV) Seek the LORD, all you meek of the earth, Who have upheld His justice. Seek righteousness, seek humility. It may be that you will be hidden In the day of the Lord’s anger.

The Last Trump


(1 Cor. 15:51-52 NKJV) “Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed; {52} in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.”

We know from this verse and 1 Thes. 4.16 that a catching away occurs along with the resurrection of the dead. We know that is also the Rapture. The term ‘Rapture’ comes from ‘Rapturo’ of the Latin Vulgate translation. In Hebrew it is called ‘NATZAL’.

The Resurrection of the Dead

Other Idioms...

Now this might surprise you but the word resurrection is not found in the Old Testament. Instead idioms are used that mean the same thing. Like:

(Eph 5:14 NKJV) Therefore He says: “Awake, you who sleep, Arise from the dead, And Christ will give you light.”

(Isa 60:1-2 NKJV) Arise, shine; For your light has come! And the glory of the LORD is risen upon you. {2} For behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, And deep darkness the people; But the LORD will arise over you, And His glory will be seen upon you.

Lets look at all the titles for Rosh HaShana - the start of The Day of The Lord.

Going Up? ^

6.Yom Kippur-Day of Atonement-

Tishri 10

(Lev 23:27-28 NKJV) "Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. {28} "And you shall do no work on that same day, for it is the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God."

(Lev 23:31-32 NKJV) "You shall do no manner of work; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. {32} "It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath."

READ Lev.16 for a detailed study


The tenth of Tishrei and last day of 'Teshuva' to repent and return to God. If not in the Book of Life by now, your fate was sealed. A day of mandatory prayer and fasting and considered to be the holiest day in the Jewish year.

In temple days there was an elaborate ritual involving two goats. One to be slain to God, and one to be led off into the wilderness, called the azazel or scapegoat, picturing the bearing away of the peoples sins. Before the goat is sent out, the High Priest laid both hands upon its head and confesses over it all the iniquities and transgressions of the Israelites.

(Lev 16:21-22 NKJV) "Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, confess over it all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions, concerning all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a suitable man. {22} "The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land; and he shall release the goat in the wilderness."

To the Israelites the scapegoat was seen as a picture of Satan, the father of sinners to be thrown off the cliff. Jesus has not literally fulfilled this yet, but will at the end of the tribulation on Yom Kippur. (Rev. 19:20)

The blood of the sin offering would be sprinkled on the mercy seat seven times behind the veil in the Holy of Holies. After an intense ritual cleansing, the High Priest could enter and be face to face with God, and only on this one day.

(Isa 52:15 NKJV) "So shall He sprinkle many nations.
(Heb 12:24 NKJV) "to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel."
(1 Pet 1:2 NKJV) "elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied."
(1 Cor 13:11-12 NKJV) "When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child; but when I became a man, I put away childish things.{12} For now we see in a mirror, dimly, but then face to face.

This scripture comes directly from the Jewish Midrash [story-like interpretation of the Bible]. Paul never gave up his Hebraic roots only the bondage it produced, mostly by the traditions of man. Paul is also giving a clue that all will see Him on the day they also call "face to face", a well known idiom for Yom Kippur.

According to the Mishnah, [commentary of the Torah] in the ceremony of the two goats, a red sash was tied around a horn of the azazel and led out to the wilderness. The sash was then taken off and placed on a nearby rock. After the goat was led off the steep cliff, the sash on the rock would turn from red to white, showing then their sins were covered. They would then wave it while proceeding back to the temple. This would signal to the people that God had forgiven their sins.

(Isa 1:18 NKJV) "Come now, and let us reason together," Says the LORD, "Though your sins are like scarlet, They shall be as white as snow; Though they are red like crimson, They shall be as wool."

The Mishnah also states that about 40 years before the destruction of the Temple the sash stopped turning white. This coincides to the time Jesus was slain on the cross. The azazel was no longer needed nor did it cover sins any longer, only Jesus' blood covers sins.

Spiritual Pictures Yom Kippur Represents

  1. The High Priest used a golden censer for incense [Lev. 16:1-2] it represents the prayers of believers [Rev. 5:8].
  2. Jesus now makes intercession as our High Priest. [Rom. 8:34]
  3. The High Priest went behind the veil once a year [Lev. 16:2]
    We are now free to enter at anytime. [2 Cor. 3:14]
  4. The High Priest washed himself with water [Lev. 16:4]
    We too can be washed clean by the water of the Word. [Eph. 5:26]
  5. High Priest put on white Holy linen garments, showing to be righteous. [Lev. 16:23-24]
    We too are now righteous all the time. [Rev. 3:5]
  6. The bodies of sacrificial animals were taken outside the camp to be slain. [Lev. 16:27]
    Jesus was also taken outside the gates of Jerusalem to be slain, north of the Temple.
  7. (John 19:17 NKJV) And He, bearing His cross, went out to a place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,
    (Lev 1:11 NKJV) 'He shall kill it on the north side of the altar before the LORD; and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall sprinkle its blood all around on the altar.
  8. Many sacrifices were offered [ Lev. 16:1-6]
    Our bodies are to be a continual living sacrifice to God. [1 Pet. 2:5]


We can now see why the period of repentance [Teshuva] must precede redemption [Yom Kippur].

The ones who really love God will not wait till the Day of Atonement. They repent and stay intimate and ready always. They are the bride and will be called up soon for the wedding.

Those left on earth will have until Yom Kippur to turn to God. It is my belief that 10 days after the Rapture, on Yom Kippur, the new leader of the European Union [the antichrist] will confirm another 7 year military treaty with Israel, beginning the period known as "Jacob's Trouble", lasting 2,520 days.

See Jeremiah 30:11

As in the days of Noah the rain did not come till after 7 days or on the 8th day. Perhaps there were those that repented after Noah and his family were inside; although to late too get into the Ark. If they repented they could be saved from damnation. "God does not want any to perish, but to repent". [2 Pet. 3:9]

Enoch was raptured and is a picture of the bride.

Noah and his family are a picture of those God protects during the judgment; who come through it and enter the next age.

The evil ones will all perish. There will be those who repent but still die. They are saved from damnation and will be a part of the next age, in resurrected bodies like ours, to serve. [Rev 7:14-15] while the Bride of Christ will rule and reign. [Rev. 5:10]

(Joel 2:15-16 NKJV) "Blow the trumpet in Zion, Consecrate a fast, [Yom Kippur terminology] Call a sacred assembly; {16} Gather the people, Sanctify the congregation, Assemble the elders, Gather the children and nursing babes; Let the bridegroom go out from his chamber [#2315 'Chedar'] And the bride from her dressing room [#2646 'chupa']."

Blow the trumpet and consecrate a fast, for on this day we leave our 'Chupa' and accompany the bridegroom to finish judging the evil ones. Isa. 26:20-21

(Joel 2:17 NKJV) "Let the priests, who minister to the LORD, Weep between the porch and the altar; Let them say, "Spare Your people, O LORD, And do not give Your heritage to reproach, That the nations should rule over them. Why should they say among the peoples, 'Where is their God?'"

Only on Yom Kippur would the priest weep between the porch and altar.

"Spare Your people" are these saved during the Tribulation and will enter the Messianic kingdom as human beings. [Matt. 24.30-31]

Once the Great Trumpet is heard (Isaiah 27:13) the gates are closed, "Neilah", and Jesus will immediately be seen coming in the clouds; no more time for repentance.

All the enemies are destroyed and the birds will feed on their flesh. [Rev. 19:21]

Satan is bound [until 1000 years is finished] and everyone celebrates the Season of Our Joy, at the marriage supper of the Lamb. [Rev.19:9]


Going Up ?^

7.Sukkot-Feast of Tabernacles-

The season of 'Joy and Gladness'. God commands the people to rejoice on this feastday.The terms 'good tidings of great joy' is a Jewish idiom for this feast(Luke 2:10-12). Also called the feast of booths, the feast of incoming (ingathering, when all the fruits are gathered in)and the feast of lights( not to be confused with Chanukah, the lesser feast of lights), this seven day feast began on the fifthteenth day of the seventh month, the month of Tishri 15-21, and commemorates life in the wilderness God's provision and there temporary dwellings in the wilderness. For Christians, this day commemorates the birth of YESHUA. YESHUA the "LIGHT OF THE WORLD,WHO CAME AND TABERNACLED AMONG US."(John1:14) It is interesting to note that the Feast of Lesser Lights or of DEDICATION (Chanuka) occures nine months before on Kislev 25 The'INCARNATION'.

Yeshua's birth at the time of The Feast of Tabernacles can easily be documented. This is done by establishing several things:

  1. The date of Gabriel"s announcement to Zechariah-(Luke 1:8-13) We will establish that it was in the first half of the year during during the course of Zechariah's temple service(the tenth week).
    8 And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest's office before God in the order of his course,
    9 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord.
    10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.
    11 And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense.
    12 And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him. 13 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John.
    Luke 1:8-13 (KJV)

    See Luke 1:5 and Deuteronomy16:16 and 1Chronicles 24:10 to learn that Zechariah's course would be serving during the tenth week of the year allowing two weeks for Hag haMatzah,and Shavuot when all the priests serve. Zechariah's course was to serve the eighth week(The course of Abijah).

    Due to the laws of seperation two weeks have to be counted. Allowing for this and going forward a normal pregnancy, the time of John's(Yochanan's) birth (if this is the first half of the year )would be approximately Pesach, when- it is expected that Elijah will appear.

  2. The approximate date of Mariam's(Mary's conception).Six months following Elizabeth's conception, the angel Gabriel is sent to Mariam(Mary), the cousin of Elizabeth.
    26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,
    27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.
    28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.
    29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.
    30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.
    31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.
    32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:
    33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.Luke 1:26-33 (KJV)
  3. The date of Herod's death.
    Jewish custom has it that a child's age starts at the time of his conception. Therefore Herod actually killed all children one year old and under asccording to the way age is calculated today. In fact the wise men arrive in Jerusalem either just prior to or at the time of Yeshua's birth. Herod had to know of Yeshua's birth because it was widely published by those who had witnessed the child. Also, the area was not very large. Herod was indeed, always close by. Now we find in Luke 2:22-38, Yeshua brought as an infant to the temple for dedication 40 days from birth according to jewish law. It is then apparent that Herod is already dead by this time for as long as Herod was alive, Joseph and Mary could not bring Yeshua to the temple. Herod's death is recorded by the first century historian Josephus as being in the fall, noting Herod's illness, that came about just following an act of impiety against the priesthood, at which time an eclipse of the moon occured. Herod's illness lasted just several months and then he died. Thus we can know the season of Herod's death and the season of Yeshua's birth.
    33 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
    34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
    35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
    36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.
    37 These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day:
    38 Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.
    39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. 40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
    41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
    42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:
    43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
    44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.

    Lev 23:1-44 (KJV)

    For this season of 'Joy and Gladness', God commands the people to rejoice. The terms 'good tidings of great joy'is a Jewish idiom for this feast(Luke 2:10-12).
    In addition, Yeshua was wrapped in swaddling clothes. Swaddling clothes were used as wicks for seventy-five foot candles during the feast and were the old undergarments of the priests.
    The feast lasts for seven days, and even the eighth day is celebrated as a seperate holy convocation. The Jews do not know why, they say it is the end of the long fall season. But, Christians know the eighth day is a picture of eternity and also that Yeshua was circumcised the eighth day from his birth.

    A.Shemini Atzeret-

    The eighth assembly/conclusion- Attached to the Feast of Tabernacles- day following or,Tishri 22. Lev.23:36.
    Yeshua's circumcision- Picture of the dayafter time- Eternity.

    B.Simchat Torah-Rejoicing in the Torah-Tishri 22-

    End of the yearly reading of the Torah and the beginning of reading it over again. All synagogues read the exact same scriptures on the same Sabbath(Shabbat).
    "Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away."(Luke 21:33)

    *Going Up?^